In 2013, the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology put together a panel to review the state of the scientific evidence and make recommendations to Americans about how best to avoid heart disease, the number one killer. Over thirty members with a broad array of credentials from multiple universities and institutions reviewed the scientific literature and graded the quality of evidence in the guideline. These grades of evidence vary from Class 1a (s
Regardless of what you might hear from the media, scientists continue to study nutrition in the laboratory and in people. What they find is painting a remarkably clear and consistent picture that for human beings, saturated fat is uniquely bad. The findings suggest that saturated fat creates what is referred to as lipotoxicity. This has been shown to cause cells to essentially commit suicide, a process referred to as apoptosis. New studies also point to direct effects from sa
Most of us have heard of Bisphenol-A (BPA), an endocrine disrupting chemical in our environment that somehow finds its way into our blood stream. One US study found BPA in 95% of human urine samples.
BPA mimics estrogen and, even at low levels, may have a number of harmful effects on the body, including increased risk of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, breast and prostate cancer, asthma, and fetal brain development. Babies and young children are especially sensitive to its
They are very common now, but proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) first came out when I was a medical student in the ancient days of the late 1980s. At that time they were a source of great concern to doctors and were used very sparingly and mostly in hospitalized patients. The first one was Losec (later changed to Prilosec to avoid confusion with a common diuretic) or omeprazole. This drug is now sold over the counter with total sales of about a billion dollars every three years.